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Environmental Nonwoven Geotextiles

Product Applications:
Geomembrane Cushion


Helpful References:
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)


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When is an environmental nonwoven the appropriate product to use?

Environmental nonwovens are appropriate if the project is a landfill requiring the nonwoven to protect the impermeable geomembrane liner.

What does M.A.R.V. weight mean?

M.A.R.V. weight means the value for Mass per Unit Area is not reported as typical like standard civil nonwovens. The M.A.R.V. value involves application of two standard deviations and is a more accurate measurement of the product’s weight.

Why is M.A.R.V. weight important for an environmental nonwoven?

It has been determined that the quantity of fibers present in a nonwoven geotextile is a critical component for determining its protection performance. A M.A.R.V weight product requires more fiber to produce.

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Environmental Nonwoven Geotextiles

The Importance Of Weight

For standard civil nonwoven geotextiles, the property of Weight (Mass per Unit Area) is reported as a “typical” value. For geosynthetics, a typical value allows manufacturers to report property values that the user can have a 50% confidence level will meet those values.

For civil nonwovens, the tensile strength and hydraulic properties of the fabrics are the critical values. As manufacturing methods improve, less fiber is required to maintain these values. As such, the value of a nonwoven geotextile’s weight in civil applications is of secondary importance. However, for environmental nonwoven geotextiles weight is a critical property.

Environmental Nonwovens In Landfills

Concerns over the long-term performance of sand leachate drainage systems in landfills have led to the use of gravel instead of sand. This requires placing a protection layer between the gravel and geomembrane to ensure the long term integrity of the liner.

The means by which a nonwoven geotextile provides a cushion from point loading of stone is complex. However, the quantity of fibers present is one of the critical components in the protection performance of a needle-punched nonwoven.

M.A.R.V. Weight For Environmental Nonwovens

As a result, weight is reported and specified as a M.A.R.V. (Minimum Average Roll Value) property for environmental applications such as landfills. M.A.R.V. is a middle ground between the absolute minimum value and the typical value. The M.A.R.V. is derived statistically as the typical (mean or average) value less two standard deviations.

Therefore, environmental grade nonwovens require more fiber to produce and are subsequently more expensive than civil nonwovens. Due to the size of public landfills and the type of heavy equipment present at them, environmental nonwovens come in very large and heavy rolls. Often a contractor at a civil jobsite does not have the means to handle such massive rolls.

Outside of public landfill operations, civil nonwovens are the product to use and specify. Should your project require an environmental nonwoven, US Fabrics offers a complete line.